The following 7 coronaviruses are known to cause disease in humans.
Common human coronaviruses:
These 4 human coronaviruses cause symptoms of “common cold.”
- 229E (Alpha Coronavirus)
- OC43 (Alpha Coronavirus)
- NL63 (Beta Coronavirus)
- HUK1 (Beta Coronavirus)
Other human coronaviruses
These 3 human coronaviruses cause serious lung infections, like pneumonia.
- SARS-CoV (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, or SARS)
- MERS-CoV (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, or MERS)
- SARS-CoV-2 (Current pandemic known as COVID-19)